Værdi

Værdi målinger i saltvandsakvarie.


Vandværdier

For at holde fisk,
bør man kende til følgende værdier:
Anbefalet værdi
Temperatur, 23-28gr.
Salt indhold, salinitet, 1.023-1.027 (ca.35g salt pr. liter)
Surhedsgraden pH 7.8-8.5
Karbonat hårhed KH 7-12 (Alkalinitet Al 2.5 – 2.9)
Nitrit No2 < 0.2 ppm
Nitrat No3 < 0.5 ppm
26gr
1.025
8.0
dKH 8
< 0.0001 ppm
< 0.1 ppm

 

For at holde koraller,
bør man kende til følgende værdier:
Anbefalet værdi
Temperatur, 23-28gr
Salt indhold, salinitet, 1.023-1.027 (ca.35g salt pr. liter)
Surhedsgraden pH 7.8-8.5
Karbonat hårhed KH 7-12 (Alkalinitet Al 2.5 – 2.9)
Nitrit No2 < 0.2 ppm
Nitrat No3 < 0.3 ppm
Fosfat Po4 < 0.03 ppm
Calcium Ca 380-450 ppm
Magnesium Mg 1300-1500 ppm
25gr
1.025
8.0
dKH 8
< 0.0001 ppm
< 0.1 ppm
< 0.003 ppm
420 ppm
1400 ppm

 

Man kan også teste for: Anbefalet værdi
Ammonium Nh4 < 0.1 ppm
Silikat Si < 2 ppm
Strontium Sr 5-15 ppm
Iodine I2 (Jod) 0.02-0.06ppm
Boron B
Jern Fe
Kobber Cu
Oxygen O
Aktiv kul
Organic Pollution
< 0.1 ppm
< 0.06
8 ppm
0.03-0.04ppm


 

Problem-løsning

Hvad kan man gøre hvis:

PH er for høj PH er for lav
Vandskift (Osmose vand) Køb PH tilsætning
Natron “NatriumCarbonat”*
KH er for høj KH er for lav
Vent, KH niveauet skal nok falde af sig selv
Tjek Ca og Mg værdi
Køb KH tilsætning
Natron “NatriumCarbonat”*
Balling
No2 er for høj No2 er for lav
Makroalger
Brug mindre foder
Find problemet! Død fisk eller koral
Zeovit
Biopellets
Kan ikke blive for lav
No3 er for høj No3 er for lav
Tjek skummer
Brug Makroalger
VSV metoden*
Zeovit
Biopellets
Kan ikke blive for lav
Po4 er for høj Po4 er for lav
Tjek PH værdi
Brug Makroalger
Tjek skummer
RowaPhos
Zeovit
Biopellets
Kan ikke blive for lav
Ca er for høj Ca er for lav
Vent, Calcium niveauet skal nok falde af sig selv
Vandskift (Osmose vand)
Køb Calcium tilsætning.
F.eks. PurpleUp indeholder Aragonit som er et mineral der er god til at booste kalk-alger
Tilsæt Kalciumklorid (10g CaCl hæver Ca i 100ltr vand med 50ppm cirka)Kalciumhydroxid (læsket kalk) til at vedligeholde CaKalkreaktor/Kalkvandsmixer
Balling
Mg er for høj Mg er for lav
Vent, Magnesium niveauet skal nok falde af sig selv
Vandskift (Osmose vand)
Køb Magnesium tilsætning
Balling
Nh4 er for høj Nh4 er for lav
Vandskift
Brug mindre foder
Zeovit
Kan ikke blive for lav
Si er for høj Si er for lav
RowaPhos
Silicat-filter
Kan ikke blive for lav

 

VSV (Vodka,Sugar,Vinegar)
0,5ml dagligt pr. 100L vand100ml vodka
25ml eddike
0,75 spsk sukker

 

Natron “NatriumCarbonat”
(IKKE bagepulver da det indeholder hævemiddel!!!)Bland 1,5l vand og 1g natriumbicarbonat det giver en ph på ca. 11, og en kh mellen ca 18-20.man kan også bage NatriumCarbonatet i ovnen i ½-1 time ved 220 grader til det bliver gulligt så bliver virkningen dobbelt med en ph på en 13-14 stykker og en kh på over 35!

Når det er blandet sammen, så husk at lave en ph og kh test på blandingen inden det bruges i baljen.

 

Balling

Til Balling tilsætningerne bruges 3 beholdere.
De valgfrie salte opløses i osmose vand. (Demineraliseret vand kan også bruges)Beholder 1. (Calcium Tilsætning)Calciumchlorid-Dihydrat (CaCl2*2H2O)Beholder 2. (KH og PH regulering “Buffer”)2a.Natriumhydrogenkarbonat. (NaHCO3)Hæver KH og Sænker PHDansk navn: Natron, natriumbicarbonat, tvekulsurt natron.(Også en bestanddel af bagepulver)

Engelsk navn: Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate, also known as baking soda, bread soda, or bicarbonate of soda.

2b. Natriumcarbonat (Na2CO3)

Hæver KH og Hæver PH

Dansk navn: Natriumkarbonat, soda, sodaaske. (Natriumcarbonat er natriums salt med carbonsyre).

Engelsk navn: Sodium carbonate (also known as washing soda or soda ash)

Beholder 3. (Magnesium tilsætning)

3a. Natriumchloridfrit havsalt

3b. Magnesiumchlorid-hexahydrat (MgCl2*6H20)

3c. Magnesiumsulfat-heptahydrat (MgSO4*7H20)

Balling – Saltvandswiki.dk – saltvandswiki.dk/wiki/Balling
Balling med mg – Saltvandswiki.dk – saltvandswiki.dk/wiki/Balling_med_mg
Vejledning til Balling metoden – www.deepoceanshop.dk/ballingmetoden

 

Zeovit
www.zeovit.com
www.zeovit.com
Dansk Zeovit forum
www.zeovit.com/forums/forumdisplay.php?f=118
Zeovit hos korallen-zucht
www.korallen-zucht.de
Dansk Zeovit guide
www.korallen-zucht.de/files/zeovit_guide_daenish.pdf
Om Zeovit på Saltvandswiki
www.saltvandswiki.dk/wiki/Zeovit
Ofte stillede spørgsmål angående Zeovit
www.saltvandswiki.dk/wiki/Ofte_stillede_spørgsmål_angående_Zeovit

 

Links

Salt/Salinitet
Specific Gravity: Oh How Complicated! www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/jan2002/chemistry.htm
Reef Aquarium Salinity: Homemade Calibration Standards www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-06/rhf/index.php
Temperature Corrections for Hydrometers http://www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-07/rhf/index.php

 

TDS “Total Dissolved Solids”
Aquariums & Aquaculture www.tdsmeter.com/what-is?id=0005
What is TDS? www.tdsmeter.com/what-is#aquariums-aquaculture
What is TDS? (Reefkeeping)www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-04/rhf/feature/index.php

 

PH
A Comparison of pH Calibration Buffers www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-02/rhf/index.php
Measuring pH with a Meter www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/feb2004/chem.htm
Solutions to pH Problems www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/june2002/chem.htm
Low pH: Causes and Cures www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-09/rhf/index.php
The Effects of Carbon Dioxide On pH www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/apr2002/short.htm

 

KH/Alkalinitet
Alkalinity Test Kit Showdown www.advancedaquarist.com/2007/8/review
What is Alkalinity? www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/feb2002/chemistry.htm

 

Nitrit No2
Nitrite and the Reef Aquarium www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-06/rhf/index.php

 

Nitrat No3
Nitrate in the Reef Aquarium www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/august2003/chem.htm

 

Fosfat Po4
Phosphorus: Algae’s Best Friend www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/sept2002/chem.htm
Iiron oxide hydroxide (GFO) phosphate binders reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-11/rhf/index.php

 

Calcium Ca
A guide to using calcium reactors www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2002-05/sh/feature/index.php
Calcium tips www.advancedaquarist.com/2006/12/tips
The Chemical and Biochemical Mechanisms of Calcification www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/apr2002/chem.htm
Calcium www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/mar2002/chem.htm
How to Select a Calcium and Alkalinity Supplementation Scheme www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/feb2003/chem.htm
Purity of Calcium Chloride www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/mar2004/chem.htm
Calcium Carbonate as a Supplement www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/july2002/chem.htm
Calcium Reactor Substrate — Phosphate Levels www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/april2003/short.htm

 

Magnesium Mg
Magnesium and Strontium in Limewater www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/dec2003/chem.htm
Magnesium in Reef Aquaria www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/oct2003/chem.htm

 

Ammonium Nh4

 

Silikat Si
Silica in reef aquariums www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/jan2003/feature.htm

 

Strontium Sr
Strontium and the Reef Aquarium www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/nov2003/chem.htm
Magnesium and Strontium in Limewater www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/dec2003/chem.htm

 

Iodine I2 (Jod)
Iodine in Marine Aquaria www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/mar2003/chem.htm

 

Jern Fe
Iron in a Reef Tank www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/aug2002/chem.htm
Iron: A Look at Organisms Other than Macroalgae www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/oct2002/chem.htm

 

Boron B
The Seachem Borate Alkalinity Test Kit www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/june2003/chem.htm
The Salifert Boron Test Kit www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/sept2003/chem.htm

 

Generelt

Reef Aquarium Water Parameters www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-05/rhf/index.php
What is Seawater? reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-11/rhf/index.php
Calcium and Alkalinity reefkeeping.com/issues/2002-04/rhf/feature/index.php
The Relationship Between Alkalinity and pH www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/may2002/chem.htm
Aluminum in the Reef Aquarium www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/july2003/chem.htm
Metals In Limewater www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/may2003/chem.htm
A Homemade Two-Part Calcium and Alkalinity Additive System www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/april2004/chem.htm
Solving Calcium and Alkalinity Problems www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/nov2002/chem.htm
Tap Water in Reef Aquaria www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/jan2004/chem.htm
Chloramine and the reef aquarium reefkeeping.com/issues/2003-11/rhf/feature/index.php
Is it really in the water? A critical reexamination of toxic metals www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/jan2004/feature.htm
It´s in the water reefkeeping.com/issues/2002-02/rs/feature/index.php
Organic Compounds in the Reef Aquarium www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-10/rhf/index.php
ORP in the Reef Aquarium www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2003-12/rhf/feature/index.php
Reef aquaria with low soluble metals www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2003-04/rhf/feature/index.php
Reverse Osmosis/Deionization Systems to Purify Tap Water for Reef Aquaria www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-05/rhf/index.php
The degradation of limewater in air reefkeeping.com/issues/2003-05/rhf/feature/index.php
The Units of Measure of Reefkeeping reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-08/rhf/index.php
Water Changes in Reef Aquaria http://reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-10/rhf/index.php
What is that Precipitate in My Reef Aquarium? www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-07/rhf/index.php
What Your Grandmother Never Told You About Lime www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-01/rhf/index.php
When Do Calcium and Alkalinity Demand Not Exactly Balance? reefkeeping.com/issues/2004-12/rhf/index.php

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